The EU Council and Parliament have reached a provisional agreement to reduce emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). This aligns with the EU Commission’s proposal initially introduced in February 2023. It will mean heavy trucks over 7.5t and coaches will need to reduce emissions by 90% by 2040 and urban buses will need to be 100% zero emission by 2035.

The Proposal

The proposal sets targets for HDVs to reduce emissions by 45% by 2030, 65% by 2035 and 90% by 2040. This builds on and expands initial legislation signed in 2019 that stated 15% emission reduction targets for HDVs by 2025 and 30% reduction by 2030. However, the new proposal introduces a 2035 aim for 100% zero emission buses, a five-year addition to the previous 2019 aim.

Separate to HDVs, vocational vehicles such as garbage trucks and cement mixing vehicles will only become subject to the aims from 2035. Meaning the interim figure of a 45% reduction by 2030 won’t apply to them, instead they will have to fulfill the 2035, 65% reduction aim.    


The agreement does include a number of exemptions from the CO2 reduction targets. Vehicles used in…


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